This is a guest post by Letizia of Semi-Retired MD. She and her husband are both physicians and have achieved financial independence by investing in direct real estate. Their website is chock full of amazing information on how to choose the right investment property.
Investing in real estate can seem overwhelming at first.
Where should I start looking for properties? How do I know if a property is a “good” deal? Who can help me through the process?
Real estate investing, however, is not as difficult as it first may initially appear.
You know much more about real estate investing than you think you do. Most people have had experiences with renting and buying their own apartments and homes. These types of experiences, when combined with focused reading and supportive mentors, can make a plunge into real estate investing relatively easy and successful, even for a newbie.
In this post, I cover some of the reasons that direct-ownership of real estate investments is such an attractive way to build true wealth. I also provide you with simple guidelines for how you can take the first few steps towards becoming a successful real estate investor.
By the time you’re done reading this, you will know how to start working towards achieving financial freedom for you and your family by owning your own rental properties.
Do I need to own rental properties? Can’t I just buy real estate stocks?
There are numerous ways to invest in real estate. On one end of the scale is the most passive form of real estate investment, Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs), which are traded much like mutual funds. REITs are followed on the scale by less-passive forms including syndications and finally by direct-ownership of rental income-producing properties.
In this article, I concentrate on the direct-ownership of rental properties. I do this because this type of real estate investing will get you to financial freedom the fastest.
This is not to say you should not consider more passive forms of real estate investing if it suits your risk-profile, interest and/or time restrictions. Just understand that some of the benefits of real estate investing discussed below do not apply to less-passive forms of real estate activities.
Do I have time for this?
We all know women often shoulder much of the the burden of unpaid work in the household. So why should you add the responsibility of real estate investing to that load? Why not leave it to your significant other?
First, once you learn how to successfully invest in real estate, your skills and knowledge will never be lost. You will always know how to bring in money for your family using real estate investing no matter what happens.
We’ve all seen the stories of women losing their significant others, becoming sick themselves and going through horrible divorces. I, myself, have been through a divorce. And like others, I had to face the question of how I was going to support myself and my family.
As doctors, we can often fall back on our jobs when things like this happen, but wouldn’t it be better if we had our jobs, $100K in semi-passive income coming in each year from our real estate properties AND we felt confident that we could run the business (and even expand it)?
Isn’t owning rental properties a lot of work?
It’s true – direct-ownership of real estate property is not 100% passive. You have to manage the property managers; you have to manage the bookkeeper. There’s work involved with buying and selling properties.
However, the amount of work for the earned income is disproportionate. You can work a couple of hours a month and earn tens of thousands of dollars. And, over time, you can make your real estate business more and more passive by putting in place systems and people to manage most of the day-to-day issues.
I’d argue it’s worth learning to make money this way so you never have to make financial decisions (or family or personal decisions) out of the fear you won’t be able to support yourself and your children.
Why real estate?
In my mind, there are three main reasons you should start using real estate investment properties as a vehicle to propel yourself to financial freedom.
# 1. Wealth Building
We recently analyzed our real estate portfolio and found that we, on average, have a greater than 25% return on our real estate investments. How do we do this?
- Leverage: when you own investment property, you also make money on the bank’s loaned money as well as your own. That’s the power of using leverage.
- Cashflow: cashflow is the amount of money you make each month after all the expenses are paid. It’s the rent that actually goes into your pocket. Cashflow is the extra income source that can allow you to cut back at your clinical job or allow you to weather a particularly difficult financial month (or year).
- Equity Paydown: when you buy a property right, your renters pay down your mortgage each month, thus making you money a third way: equity paydown. Equity paydown grows each year as your mortgage payments become less interest and more principal.
- Property Appreciation: by the nature of the real estate market, your investment property will usually gain market value (appreciate) over time.
- Rent Appreciation: this is the amount that you can increase rent rates per year. It usually ranges on the order of 2-3% percent per year, which, over ten years can mean that your property’s rent increases 85%!
- Forced Appreciation: in addition to market-controlled rent appreciation, you also can increase a property’s value by improving it and then increasing rents proportionally (or disproportionately), which is called forced appreciation.
And, finally, there’s tax savings, which we will discuss more below.
When you put your money into REITs or the stock market or even into syndications, you lose most of your control. You cannot control if the CEO of a company is going to embezzle money. You cannot control if the general partners of a syndication are going to make good financial decisions. You can only hope and trust in others to manage your money well.
In comparison, when you directly own investments, they belong to you. You can control how they are managed. You are the decision-maker. You are the CEO. You can make changes that add to the bottom line, which, in this case, ends up directly in you and your family’s pocket.
# 3. Tax Benefits
The tax benefits of direct-ownership can be substantial. While these may not initially be your primary driver to get into real estate, they really should be at the top of your list. They can significantly reduce a typical physician’s tax burden.
One of the main reasons the tax advantages of owning real estate is so great is because the government allows you to depreciate at minimum 1/27th of the value of your property (the building, not the land) each year. This means that over the course of 27.5 years, your property value becomes $0 (and, remember, you’ve only paid probably 20-30% down, so you’re actually collecting depreciation on the bank’s money as well as your own). What this means in practice is that you make money through cashflow each year but it looks like you are actually losing money (paper losses).
Depreciation, when combined with the write-offs you make on improvements/rehab and the fact you don’t pay payroll taxes on your earnings, means that making $100K in real estate is equivalent of making closer to $140K at your job.
How do I even start investing?
Now that we’ve covered some of the benefits of investing in real estate, let’s tackle how you can actually get started to building your business.
The first step is to educate yourself.
You need to understand the basics so that when you are presented with a property, you can run the numbers and know if it is a good deal. It is not a good idea to rely on others to tell you if something is a good purchase since they may have competing interests.
Read and Listen
When we first started real estate investing, we found a couple of books extremely useful. Rich Dad, Poor Dad by Robert Kiyosaki gave us the “why” of why we needed to expand beyond just relying on our 1040 incomes for the rest of our lives. Then we used books like Real Estate Millionaire Investor by Gary Keller to explore the hows. Over the years we’ve also added in podcasts, like Bigger Pockets, which give us both motivation and useful information by learning about other’s stories. [ Editor’s note: Also check Paula Pant’s Afford Anything podcast ]
Know the Numbers
One of the keys is when you’re educating yourself, make sure you find a good cash on cash calculator (you can get ours in our Facebook Group) so that you can plug the numbers in for deals you come across to determine if they meet your criteria. You should have a minimum cash on cash you are willing to accept from a property. This keeps you from buying properties that are not going to bring in money each month.
Connect with Others
Another important step is to network with other investors so you have people who can connect you with their resources and offer advice when you’re not sure what to do. Experienced investors have come across a lot of weird situations. Instead of reinventing the wheel yourself and making avoidable mistakes, why not take advantage of collective experience and knowledge and help yourself grow faster with less risk?
You can find investors at meetups, by joining local facebook groups such as REI MD or by reading real estate investment-focused blogs.
Build your Team
Another key step is to find yourself an investment real estate agent. This is not just any real estate agent. This is someone who specializes in working with investors and who ideally owns his or her own investment properties.
In addition to finding you deals, an investor agent should be able to help you build the rest of your team like your property manager and your general contractor, since he/she has used and vetted these same people for his/her properties.
Harness the Power of Women
Now, I know I’m biased here, but I do believe that women are uniquely positioned to be successful in real estate investing. Many of us run our family’s finances. We organize the details of our family’s schedules. We do all the planning and packing when we go on trips. We manage a lot of relationships. And all of us are awesome at multitasking.
We bring all of these skills to the table when we enter the market as real estate investors. The key is just to get started in educating yourself and building your team so that you can work towards building financial independence for yourself and your family today.